Have you been feeling pain during or after having sex? below are the causes of painful sex.

The word dyspareunia comes from the early Greek language, and its meanings include “difficulty mating” or “badly mated.” Pain during intercourse is described in medical literature dating back to the ancient Egyptian scrolls. Pain during intercourse (dyspareunia) is pain or discomfort in a woman’s labial, vaginal, or pelvic areas during or immediately following sexual intercourse.
Many women experience some pain during their first episode of vaginal sexual intercourse. The number of women who experience pain during intercourse is unknown because the symptoms vary. Also, both and women fail to freely discuss sexual practices. Recent studies suggest that more than many women report current or previous episodes of pain during sexual relations. Fewer than half of these women discussed this pain with their doctors.

What Causes Painful Sex in Women?

In many cases, a can experience painful sex if there is not sufficient vaginal lubrication. When this occurs, the pain can be resolved if the female becomes more relaxed, if the amount of foreplay is increased, or if the couple uses a sexual lubricant.

Common Reasons For Painful Sex Include:

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs):
Common STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, can cause vaginal irritation, which can create pain during sex.

Genital herpes:
Blisters and sores caused by herpes can lead to pain on penetration.

Vaginitis is any vaginal inflammation. In particular, bacterial or yeast overgrowth
(caused by a fungus called candida) in the vagina can cause irritation, discharge, tenderness and itching. All these leads to painful sex.

Previous injuries:

Women who have given birth to large infants might have small tears in the vagina, which will heal over time.
This is more common if the baby was delivered with forceps.

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Lower levels of estrogen:
Postmenopausal women in particular might experience a dip in estrogen, which makes the vaginal lining thinner and less able to stretch.
“It’s like trying to stretch a rubber band that’s lost its elasticity,” says Lawson. In this case, sex can often cause microscopic cuts,
which can lead to burning and irritation.
Due to thinning and dryness of the vaginal walls after menopause, some women report that sex is more painful than prior to menopause.

Lichen sclerosus:

Postmenopausal women might also suffer from lichen sclerosus, a in which the skin on the genitals becomes scaly and inflamed.

Previous sexual abuse or injury:
Women who have experienced sexual trauma might associate sex with pain, leading to tense muscles.

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